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Nurse practitioner scope of practice laws govern the autonomy nurse practitioners are given within their practice to treat patients. In 29 states, these laws limit autonomy by requiring nurse practitioners to collaborate with, or work under, the supervision of another health care provider.

This map identifies variation in US scope of practice laws for nurse practitioners, including whether nurse practitioners have full or limited practice authority, whether the law addresses a transition to practice requirement, and the activities they may conduct autonomously. The map also identifies some types of health care providers, such as physicians or advanced practice registered nurses, who may be required to collaborate or supervise nurse practitioners who cannot work autonomously.

This map displays laws in effect from May 1, 2015 through April 1, 2016. To explore the variation in these laws click the “Start Here” button below.

Related Resources

LawAtlas Interactive Map: Physician Scope of Practice Delegation Laws

LawAtlas Interactive Map: Nurse Practitioner Prescribing Laws 

American Association of Nurse Practitioners: State Practice Enviornment


Did you know?

Eight states give nurse practitioners full practice authority only after they complete a transition to practice requirement.


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Map Legend: State Included in research.

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