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King County, Washington Healthy Comprehensive Planning Policies For Active Transportation Map

In 2014, 22 percent of adults in King County, Washington, were obese. Lack of physical activity is a contributor to poor health, and being overweight or obese is a driver of various chronic diseases that shorten and reduce quality of life.

Research shows that the built environment’s transportation-related infrastructure can positively affect health by promoting physical activity with adequate infrastructure to reduce overweight/obesity, designing neighborhoods to be safe, and making healthier non-driving transport options an easier choice. Comprehensive land use plans are the legal planning documents that can support active transportation to address this type of infrastructure.

King County and its cities are required by Washington state’s growth management law (RCW 36.70A.040) to adopt these comprehensive land use plans for the built environment and more detailed functional plans, with updates every six years. Active transportation elements of these comprehensive plans address pedestrian, bicycling, transit and inter-connectivity between active modes.

This map identifies and compares elements of all 39 King County cities' comprehensive land use plans that either support or detract from opportunities for active transportation.

Specifically, the page identifies which cities in King County have policies addressing:

  •  Equitable access to active transportation infrastructure,
  •  Pedestrian and bicycle safety,
  •  Pedestrian and cycling comfort,
  •  Access to multimodal transportation,
  •  Complete streets,
  •  Active transportation goals and how they are incorporated into plans,
  •  Policies and how they are incorporated into plans, and
  •  Infrastructure and design strategies for a healthy built environment. 

This page displays policies in effect as of March 31, 2016, the most recent six-year updates to the Comprehensive Plans. To explore the variation in these policies click the “Start Here” button below.

View and download underlying policy data in Excel format

View and download Research Protocol

View and download Codebook

View and download an analysis of Comprehensive Plan Policies on Active Transport

View and download a Summary Chart of select King County cities Comprehensive Plan Policies on Active Transport


Laura Hitchcock, JD

Amy Laurent, MSPH

Cait Lang, MPH



Puget Sound Regional Council
Planning for Whole Communities
Vision 2040

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Planning and Health Resource Guide for Designing and Building Healthy Neighborhoods

American Planning Association (APA) 
Healthy Community Design Toolkit

Eat Smart Move More South Carolina
South Carolina Health + Planning Toolkit: A Healthy Eating and Active Living Policy Guide

City of Portland Bureau of Transportation
Bikeway Facility Design: Survey of Best Practices

Portland State University
Equity Analysis of Portland’s draft Bicycle Master Plan - Findings

Public Health - Seattle & King County
City Health Profiles


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Did you know?

Did you know that 11 cities in King County list health as an explicit goal of their comprehensive plan?  Nineteen cities also list walkability and pedestrian access as a major goal.

Read more

Seattle-King County